Cycling after a vasectomy: How long should you wait?

For dedicated cyclists, every day off the bike can feel like an eternity. For those using an indoor bike, a few weeks away from their hobby can disrupt their daily routine. For outdoor bikers in temperate climates, the idea of missing out on weeks of good weather during the peak cycling season is disheartening. Knowing what to expect following a vasectomy can help with planning. True die-hards may want to wait until the season changes rather than miss out on dry roads in fair weather.

When is it safe to resume cycling?

In the absence of specific guidelines from national groups like the American Urological Association, doctors performing vasectomies must rely on a combination of experience and information from smaller studies in order to make recommendations on when it’s safe to resume cycling. Published material from the Mayo Clinic, one of the world’s most respected urology institutions, recommends avoiding “sports for a week or so.”1

Because of the pressure placed on the scrotum during bike rides, most centers publishing specific recommendations about a return to cycling are cautious. St. Pete’s Urology group, a well-respected group of doctors from Tampa2, recommends a wait of:

  • Two weeks before returning to stationary cycling
  • Three weeks for road cycling
  • Four weeks before mountain biking

Ultimately, the best source of information regarding a safe return to the cycling saddle will be the doctor doing the procedure.

Risks from getting on the bike too soon

Returning to the bike too soon can have consequences ranging from minor to severe. Before things have had a chance to heal right, one swift motion in the wrong direction can cause a scabbed-over blood vessel to start leaking.

The most common problems resulting from a premature return to exercise include pain and mild bruising. Less commonly, more severe bleeding can lead to more extensive collections of blood products forming beneath the skin, creating a hematoma.

The scrotum lacks sturdy muscle tissue, so it tends to grow quite large if swelling or bleeding happens quickly. Hematomas can take months to heal, leaving patients with a softball-sized scrotum, or they can become infected and require more surgery. These complications can keep cyclists off the bike indefinitely.

Suggested reading

Easing back into it

Given the risks, it makes sense to wait until the tissues involved in the procedure have healed before getting back on the bike. After getting the green light from the doctor, prudence guides the rest of the way. Too much too early, risks needing to start over. For the first few weeks after vasectomy, doctors ask patients to halt any activity that causes sharp pains right away. When questions arise over lingering pains, a phone call to the doctor can clear things up. When resuming cycling, the safest course is to start with low-intensity training on an indoor bike.

By starting slowly, any issues that arise during this period are likely to be noticed immediately and to remain minor. Transitioning too quickly to the road, or to a mountain biking trail can put too much pressure on healing tissues. Mountain biking in particular causes unpredictable and forceful impacts on the healing scrotum. Additionally, if an issue arises away from home, it can worsen before it is noticed and can become a much bigger problem before it’s addressed. Therefore, it’s best to start indoors first and to wait a few weeks before heading back to the road or trail.


Jockstraps or compressive underwear can help to limit movement and thereby reduce pain. Most bike shorts do an excellent job of giving scrotal support: the less room for things to swing, the better. Noseless seats also allow for less pressure on the perineum and scrotum. Extra cushioning or padding can supply additional comfort.


Allowing the body enough time to recover promotes a successful outcome following any medical procedure. In general, safety comes first when recovering from medical treatments, including vasectomies. Moreover, every patient is different, and not every procedure goes perfectly. Therefore, the doctor should have the final say on when to return.

By listening to the body and taking it slow, cyclists can avoid setbacks and get back in the saddle for good.

References and further reading has a strict sourcing policy. We rely on evidence-based medicine, peer-reviewed studies, reputable clinical journals, and medical associations. Learn more about how we ensure our content is accurate and up-to-date by reading our editorial policy.
  1. Vasectomy. Mayo Clinic. Published February 14, 2019.
  2. Is It Ok to Work Out After Getting A Vasectomy? St Pete Urology


November 7, 2021

Authored by

Dr. Martin Duggan, DO

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